1535: Lac St-Pierre, Quebec - Jacques Cartier (1491-1557) leaves Quebec and sails upriver in L’Emerillon; reaches lake he calls Lac Angoulème on the 28th, then village of Hochelaga (Montreal) Oct. 2.
1542: Quebec, Quebec - Ausillion de Sauveterre pardoned by Roberval; the pardon is New France and Canada’s oldest official document extant.
1654: Trois-Rivières, Quebec - First Canadian marriage on record, when 11 year old Marguerite Sédilot marries Jean Aubuchon.
1876: Ottawa Ontario - Talks begin to set up the Ottawa Football Club; in 1898, it will re-organizes itself as the Ottawa Rough Riders.
1980: Ottawa Ontario - Terry Fox (1958-1981) invested as a Companion of the Order of Canada. The one-legged cancer victim whose marathon run across Canada raised millions of dollars for cancer research is the youngest so honoured.
Ottawa, Ontario - Princess Margriet born to Crown Princess Juliana of the Netherlands in a room in the Ottawa Civic hospital declared to be Dutch territory. The Dutch royal family live in Ottawa as exiles during World War II; Juliana will become Queen of the Netherlands in 1948.
1967 - Yellowknife NWT - Yellowknife becomes capital of the North West Territories; administration transferred from Ottawa September 15.
Happy Birthday to Jim Carrey(1962) and Antoine-Aimé Dorion(1818-91)
2014 will mark 150 years since the Charlottetown Conference, when the Fathers of Confederation, representatives from the Province of Canada (later Ontario and Quebec), New Brunswick, Nova Scotia and Prince Edward Island met to discuss Canadian Confederation.
November 18, 1883: Railroads Create the First Time Zones
On this day in 1883, American and Canadian railroads began using four continental time zones. This stemmed from schedulers’ confusion transporting passengers across thousands of local times. Most towns in the United States had their own local times based on “high noon” when the sun reached its highest point in the sky.
The railroad companies created the new time coding system without assistance from the federal government. Most Americans and Canadians embraced the time zones since railroads were the primary link between the two countries. Congress did not officially adopt the time zones until 1918 under the Interstate Commerce Commission.
Check out American Experience’s “Streamliners” timeline of significant events related to the development of American railroads.
Photo: “Westward the Course of Empire Takes Its Way” circa 1868 (Currier & Ives./Library of Congress).